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Table 2 Test scores by group from the American College of Rheumatology neuropsychological battery for patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

From: Neuropsychological patterns in systemic lupus erythematosus patients with depression

  Depressed-SLE patients (1)a Depressed-Controls (2)a Healthy Controls (3)a P value Post hoc analyses
WAIS Revised Digit Symbol Test 43.1 ± 10.7 52.2 ± 8.0 55.3 ± 8.2 0.001 1 < 2, 3
WAIS Third Edition Letter Number Sequencing Test 50.3 ± 9.3 51.0 ± 6.5 50.7 ± 9.7 0.984  
Stroop Color and Word Test Color-Word score 42.5 ± 8.7 41.9 ± 8.4 52.4 ± 7.6 <0.001 1, 2 < 3
Trail Making Test-Part B 42.8 ± 14.7 47.1 ± 9.8 57.9 ± 10.6 0.001 1, 2 < 3
Controlled Oral Word Association Test 48.0 ± 10.3 46.3 ± 8.6 49.1 ± 9.8 0.736  
Animal Naming Test 48.5 ± 8.4 52.4 ± 7.8 53.5 ± 11.4 0.350  
CVLT trials 1–5 48.7 ± 12.1 46.3 ± 6.5 52.0 ± 14.4 0.574  
CVLT short-delay free-recall 48.5 ± 9.0 50.0 ± 12.5 50.7 ± 12.2 0.712  
Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test: immediate recall 41.8 ± 15.7 44.6 ± 9.9 48.0 ± 12.6 0.375  
Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test: 30-minute delayed recall 44.1 ± 15.3 46.6 ± 12.2 47.9 ± 11.4 0.678  
Finger Tapping Test, dominant hand 47.3 ± 16.6 51.0 ± 8.2 54.8 ± 10.6 0.200  
Finger Tapping Test, non-dominant hand 46.8 ± 16.2 51.2 ± 6.6 55.2 ± 11.8 0.143  
  1. aData are presented as mean t score ± standard deviation. CVLT: California Verbal Learning Test; Depressed-Controls: control subjects with only a history or presence of major depressive disorder; Depressed-SLE: patients with a diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus and the presence of major depressive disorder; WAIS: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale.