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Table 1 List of 38 reports on common rheumatic diseases in China between 1974 and 2006

From: Rheumatic Diseases in China

Site of survey [ref.] Location Age (Years) Time Method Number Focus
      Male Female Total  
Taiwan [4] Rural island ≥17 1974 Other 2,728 2,901 5,629 RA and AS
4 cities [5] Urban ≥20 1980 Other 267 235 502 SUA
Changchun [6] Factory ≥20a,b 1980 Other 27,272 8,825 36,097 RA and AS
Shanghai [7] Textile factory ≥18c 1984 Other 12,374 20,294 32,668 SLE
Shantou [8] Rural/urban ≥16 1985 Other 5,632 5,015 10,647 AS
Beijing [9] Rural ≥20 1987 ILAR 2,090 2,102 4,192 Common RD
Shantou [9] Rural ≥20 1987 COPCORD 2,384 2,673 5,057 Common RD
Hebei [10] Coal mine ≥16b 1988 Other 892 108 1,000 OA
Beijing [11] Urban 40 to 58 1988 Other 1,062 951 2,013 SUA
Beijing [11] Rural 40 to 58 1988 Other 558 949 1,507 SUA
Heilongjiang [12] Mountain ≥18a 1989 Other 1,224 1,087 2,311 Common RD
Guangzhou [13] Urban/rural 21 to 40 1989 Other 12,102 13,590 25,692 SLE
Ningxia [14] Highland ≥18d 1990 ILAR 5,143 5,277 10,420 Common RD
Shanghai [3] Urban ≥16 1992 COPCORD 914 1,096 2,010 Common RD
Shantou [15–17] Urban ≥16 1992 COPCORD 910 812 1,722 OA, BMD and gout
Hong Kong [18] Urban ≥16 1992 Other 898 1,090 1,988 RA
Taiwan [19] Urban ≥20 1992 Other 1,534 1,466 3,000 Common RD
Taiwan [19] Suburban ≥20 1992 Other 1,477 1,523 3,000 Common RD
Taiwan [19] Rural ≥20 1992 Other 1,555 1,443 2,998 Common RD
Beijing [20] Rural ≥16c 1994 Other 653 1,410 2,063 Knee OA
Beijing [21] Suburban ≥16c 1994 Other 611 1,359 2,066 pSS
Taiwan [22] Mountain ≥18e 1994 Other 145 197 342 SUA and gout
Shantou [23] Urban ≥16 1995 COPCORD 985 1,055 2,040 Common RD
Taiwan [24] Island ≥19 1996 Other 2,754 2,953 5,707 SUA and gout
Shandong [25] Rural ≥16 1996 ILAR 2,695 2,360 5,055 RA and AS
Shanghai [26] Urban ≥15 1997 COPCORD 913 1,124 2,037 SUA and gout
Shandong [27] Coast ≥20 1997 Other 8,449 8,595 17,044 Common RD
Shanghai [28] Urban ≥16 1998 COPCORD 3,190 3,394 6,584 Common RD
Shantou [29,30] Suburban ≥16 1999 COPCORD 975 1,054 2,029 SpA and gout
Beijing [31] Urban ≥16 1999 COPCORD 1,025 957 1,982 SpA
Beijing [32] Urban ≥60 2000 Other 614 878 1,492 Hip OA
Beijing [33] Urban ≥60 2000 Other 1,004 1,503 2,507 Hand OA
Beijing [34] Urban ≥60 2000 Other 730 1,051 1,781 Knee OA
Northeast [35] 15 Provincesf 17 to 40g 2000 COPCORD 20,068 0 20,068 AS
Qingdao [36] Urban ≥20 2002 Other 720 1,303 2,023 SUA
Nanjing [37] Urban ≥20 2003 Other 3,849 4,039 7,888 SUA and gout
Shanghai [38] Urban ≥40 2003 COPCORD 894 1,199 2,093 Knee OA
Taiyuan [39–41] Urban ≥16 2004 COPCORD 1,858 2,057 3,915 Common RD
  1. All mentions of 'OA' in this table refer to symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA). aHan and Manchu ethnic. bMale>Female. cMale<Female. dHan and Muslim ethnic. eAborigines. f11 ethnic. gAll male. AS, ankylosing spondylitis; BMD, bone mineral density; COPCORD, Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases; F, female; ILAR, International League of Associations for Rheumatology; M, male; pSS, primary Sjögren's syndrome; RA, rheumatoid arthritis; RD, rheumatic diseases; SLE, systemic lupus erythematosus; SUA, serum uric acid; SpA, spondyloarthropathy.