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Table 2 Energy intake according to food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and Swedish recommendations for low active individuals

From: Rheumatoid cachexia is associated with dyslipidemia and low levels of atheroprotective natural antibodies against phosphorylcholine but not with dietary fat in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a cross-sectional study

  Women with RA (n = 61) Recommendations for females Men with RA (n = 19) Recommendations for males
Energy, kcal 1,668 (1,537 to 1,799) 2,200 2,402 (2,123 to 2,680) 2,700
Carbohydrate, g 195 (178 to 212) 293 268 (238 to 298) 369
Carbohydrate, E% 48 55 45 55
Protein, g 73.0 (66.7 to 79.3) 86 103 (88.4 to 118) 107
Protein, g/kg 1.13 (1.01 to 1.23)   1.18 (1.0 to 1.36)  
Protein, E% 18 16 17 16
Total fat, g 61.1 (55.8 to 66.4) 69 88.6 (75.1 to 102.1) 87
Total fat, E% 33 28 33 28
SFA, g 26.4 (23.7 to 29.0) 20 39.1 (31.9 to 46.2) 30
SFA, E% 14 10 15 10
MUFA, g 21.0 (19.2 to 22.8) 30 30.9 (26.5 to 35.2) 40
MUFA, E% 11 11 12 11
PUFA, g 8.9 (7.9 to 9.8) 15 to 30 11.8 (9.8 to 13.8) 15 to 30
   PUFA, E% 4.8 5 4.4 5
   Omega 3 FA, g 1.9 (1.8–2.1) ≥ 3.0 1.7 (1.6–1.8) ≥ 3.0
   Omega 3 FA, E% 1.0 1.3 0.6 1.3
   Omega 6 FA, g 6.9 (6.2 to 7.7) 10.8 11.0 (10.4 to 11.5) 10.8
   Omega 6 FA, E% 3.7 3.6 4.1 3.6
  1. E%, energy percentage; FA, fatty acid; MUFA, monounsaturated fatty acid; PUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acid; SFA, saturated fatty acid.