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Table 1 Clinical risk factors and bone densitometry results that are included in the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool algorithm

From: Progress in osteoporosis and fracture prevention: focus on postmenopausal women

Age
Gender
Body mass index
History of fracture after the age of 45 to 50 years
Parent with hip fracture
Current smoking
Alcohol intake of greater than 2 units per day
Glucocorticoid use
Rheumatoid arthritis
Other causes of secondary osteoporosis:
   - Untreated hypogonadism in men and women, anorexia nervosa, chemotherapy for breast and prostate cancer, and hypopituitarism
   - Inflammatory bowel disease and prolonged immobility (for example, spinal cord injury, Parkinson disease, stroke, muscular dystrophy, and ankylosing spondylitis)
   - Organ transplantation
   - Type I diabetes and thyroid disorders (for example, untreated hyperthyroidism and overtreated hypothyroidism)
Results of bone densitometry using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry of the femoral neck.