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Table 1 Clinical risk factors and bone densitometry results that are included in the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool algorithm

From: Progress in osteoporosis and fracture prevention: focus on postmenopausal women

Body mass index
History of fracture after the age of 45 to 50 years
Parent with hip fracture
Current smoking
Alcohol intake of greater than 2 units per day
Glucocorticoid use
Rheumatoid arthritis
Other causes of secondary osteoporosis:
   - Untreated hypogonadism in men and women, anorexia nervosa, chemotherapy for breast and prostate cancer, and hypopituitarism
   - Inflammatory bowel disease and prolonged immobility (for example, spinal cord injury, Parkinson disease, stroke, muscular dystrophy, and ankylosing spondylitis)
   - Organ transplantation
   - Type I diabetes and thyroid disorders (for example, untreated hyperthyroidism and overtreated hypothyroidism)
Results of bone densitometry using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry of the femoral neck.