Effects of resveratrol and curcumin on IL-1β-induced NF-κB-dependent proinflammatory and matrix-degrading gene products in primary chondrocytes. To evaluate whether resveratrol and curcumin exert time-dependent effects on IL-1β-induced NF-κB-dependent expression of proinflammatory and matrix-degrading gene products, primary chondrocyte cultures were either stimulated for 0, 12, 24, and 48 hours with 10 ng/ml IL-1β or pre-treated with resveratrol and curcumin (50 μM each) followed by 0, 12, 24, and 48 hours of stimulation with 10 ng/ml IL-1β; after extraction of whole cell lysates (500 ng protein per lane), they were probed for the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3, MMP-9, cylcooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by western blot analysis. Stimulation of IL-1β alone consistently resulted in time-dependent production of MMP-3, MMP-9, Cox-2 and VEGF. In contrast, pre-treatment with resveratrol and curcumin downregulated MMP-3, MMP-9, Cox-2 and VEGF time dependently. Synthesis of the housekeeping protein β-actin was unaffected.