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Table 3 Predictors of receiving preventive services in men and women enrolled in the Lupus Outcomes Study

From: Provision of preventive health care in systemic lupus erythematosus: data from a large observational cohort study

  Immunizations Cancer Screening
  Influenza Vaccine (n = 626) Pneumococc al Vaccine (n = 491) Colon Cancer Screening (n = 389) Mammogram (n = 545) Cervical cancer Screenin g (n = 430)
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)
Sociodemographics      
   Age (per 10 units) 1.3 (1.1, 1.5) 1.4 (1.2, 1.7) 1.7 (1.2, 2.5) 1.4 (1.1, 1.8) 1.2 (1.0, 1.5)
   Female 1.1 (0.6, 2.1) 1.1 (0.5, 2.2) 0.5 (0.2, 1.2) -- --
   Non-White 0.7 (0.5, 1.1) 0.7 (0.4, 1.1) 0.8 (0.5, 1.4) 1.6 (1.0, 2.6) 1.2 (0.7, 2.0)
   Education      
High School Graduate 0.7 (0.4, 1.3) 0.9 (0.4, 1.7) 0.9 (0.4, 1.9) 1.3 (0.7, 2.6) 1.5 (0.7, 3.4)
Some College 0.5 (0.3, 0.8) 0.5 (0.2, 0.9) 0.8 (0.4, 1.5) 0.8 (0.4, 1.4) 0.4 (0.2, 0.9)
College Graduate (referent)      
   Income      
   Below Poverty 0.7 (0.5, 1.1) 0.8 (0.5, 1.2) 0.9 (0.5, 1.5) 1.0 (0.6, 1.5) 0.4 (0.2,0.6)
Health Care Access      
Insurance      
   HMO and Public Insurance (Medicaid, Medicare) 2.5 (1.2, 5.3) 4.5 (1.8, 11.3) 0.4 (0.2, 1.0) 0.7 (0.3, 1.4) 0.4 (0.2, 1.1)
   HMO and Private 0.9 (0.6, 1.5) 2.0 (1.1, 3.4) 0.5 (0.2, 0.8) 0.8 (0.5, 1.4) 0.4 (0.2, 0.6)
Insurance      
   No HMO, Public 0.9 (0.5 to 1.4) 1.5 (0.9 to 2.6) 0.7 (0.3, 1.2) 0.6 (0.4, 1.1) 0.4 (0.2, 0.8)
   Insurance (Medicaid, Medicare)      
   No HMO, Private Insurance (referent)      
Physician Visits      
   Generalist involved in health care 1.6 (1.0, 2.5) 1.8 (1.0, 3.0) 0.6 (0.3, 1.1) 1.5 (0.9, 2.5) 2.2 (1.3, 3.7)
   Rheumatologist involved in health care 2.3 (1.4, 3.8) 1.5 (0.8, 2.9) 0.8 (0.4, 1.5) 1.4 (0.8, 2.3) 1.0 (0.5, 2.0)
   Total physician visits (per five visits) 1.1 (1.0, 1.2) 1.1 (1.0, 1.3) 1.3 (1.1, 1.5) 1.2 (1.0, 1.3) 1.2 (1.0. 1.4)
Health Status      
   SLAQ Score (per 10 units) 0.7 (0.5, 1.0) 0.7 (0.5, 1.0) 1.2 (0.8, 1.8) 1.0 (0.8, 1.4) 1.2 (0.8, 1.7)
   SF-36 Physical Function (per 10 units) 0.9 (0.8, 1.0) 0.9 (0.8, 1.0) 1.0 (0.9, 1.1) 1.2 (1.1, 1.3) 1.2 (1.1, 1.3)
Contextual Factor      
   Neighborhood Poverty Area 1.4 (0.7, 2.5) 1.2 (0.6, 2.4) 2.2 (0.9, 5.4) 0.9 (0.4, 1.7) 1.6 (0.6, 4.1)
  1. Abbreviations: SLAQ, Systemic Lupus Activity Questionnaire; SF-36, Short-Form 36 Health Survey; HMO, Health Maintenance Organization. Bolded values indicate P < 0.05.