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Table 1 Potential candidate genes common to osteoporosis and osteoarthritis

From: Genetic markers of osteoarticular disorders: facts and hopes

Adhesion molecules and ligands (e.g. integrins)
Cartilage and bone matrix proteins
Calciotropic hormones and their receptors
Calcitonin and calcitonin receptor
Vitamin D and vitamin D receptor
PTH and PTH receptors
Calcium-sensing receptor
Cytokines, growth factors, and their receptors (IL-6, IL-1, IGF1, etc)
Enzymes (aromatase, metalloproteinases, etc)
Sex hormones and their receptors
Androgen and androgen receptor
Estrogen and estrogen receptors
  1. IGF, insulin-like growth factor; IL, interleukin; PTH, parathyroid hormone.