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Table 1 Study design and participant characteristics

From: Effects of rehabilitative interventions on pain, function and physical impairments in people with hand osteoarthritis: a systematic review

Reference Study design LOE Total, n Gender Age, years Diagnosis of hand OA CMC joint OA IP joint OA
     M, n F, n Mean (SD)     
       Intervention Control Clinical Radiology   
Rannou, et al. [31] RCT 1b 112 11 101 63 (8) 64 (8) Yes Yes Yes Yes
Basford, et al. [22] RCT 1b 81 NS NS 57 (NS) 63 (NS) Yes No Yes Yes
Brosseau, et al. [24] RCT 1b 88 19 69 64 (10) 65 (10) Yes Yes Yes Yes
Stange-Rezende, et al. [35] Crossover 2b 45 3 42 60 (8) 60 (8) Yes No Yes Yes
Favaro, et al. [39] Quasi-RCT 2b 48 5 43 56 (6) 60 (8) Yes Yes NS NS
Stamm, et al. [34] RCT 2b 40 5 35 61 (8) 60 (8) Yes No Yes Yes
Lefler and Armstrong [30] RCT 2b Yes 19 2 17 82 (10) 82 (8) NS NS NS NS
Rogers and Wilder [33] Crossover 2b 76 11 65 75 (7) 75 (7) Yes Yes NS NS
Field, et al. [27] RCT 2b Yes 22 1 21 NS NS NS NS NS NS
Dickens and Lewith [26] RCT 1b 13 5 7 59 (9) 59.2 (6) Yes Yes Yes No
  1. CMC, carpometacarpal; F, female; IP, interphalageal; LOE, level of evidence (Oxford); M, male; n, number; NS, not stated; OA, osteoarthritis; RCT, randomized controlled trial; SD, standard deviation.