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Table 3 Description of enthesitis in Doppler- mode

From: Ultrasound in the evaluation of enthesitis: status and perspectives

Year Authors Doppler parameters Description of site of vascularization
2000 Balint [17] PRF1000 Hz NA
2002 D'Agostino [21] PRF 750 Hz, power Doppler gain 50 periosteal bone and enthesis
2003 D'Agostino [22] PRF 750 Hz, power Doppler gain 50-53dB cortical bone insertion, body of the tendon, bursa, junction tendon/enthesis
2004 Falsetti [9] PRF 750-1000 Hz, highest gain level without background noise and low filter tendon + bursa
2005 Ozgocmen [49] PRF 0.3-1.5kHz, dynamic range 55dB low wall filter periosteum and achilles tendon insertion
2005 Wakefield [52] NA NA
2006 Kiris [37] PRF 0.5-1 KHz , dynamic range 50-55dB - low wall filter tendon + enthesis : no precision concerning the exact location of vascularization
2007 Scarpa [50] NA NA
2007 Wiell [53] PRF 500 Hz NA
2008 De Miguel [23] PRF 400Hz, gain 20dB, low wall filter enthesis, tendon, bursitis
2008 Filippou [12] NA NA
2008 Hatemi [7] PRF 750 Hz NA
2008 Klauser [38] 8.3 MHz, PRF 500 Hz, low wall filter NA
2009 D'Agostino [20] 10 MHz, PRF 500 Hz, gain 113 dB enthesis insertion into the cortical bone
2009 Filippucci [13] PRF 750 Hz, colour-mode frequency of 9.1 MHz , low wall filters enthesis, tendon, bursitis
2009 Matsos [43] NA U
2009 Munoz-Fernandez [45] NA enthesis, tendon, bursitis
2009 Filippucci [25] NA U
2009 Iagnocco [8] PRF 900Hz , Doppler frequency 9.1 MHz, low wall filters enthesis, tendon, bursitis
2010 Gutierrez [6] PRF750 Hz , Doppler frequency between 7.5 -14.3 MHz. U
2010 Li [41] 10 MHz for colour-mode scanning with a focus at 5 mm. peri-sesamoidal and periosteal areas
2010 Aydin [15] PRF 750 Hz, colour-mode frequency of 9.1 MHz, low wall filters enthesis, tendon, bursitis
  1. NA, not available; PRF, pulse repetition frequency; U, unclear; Y, yes,