Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Adjustments of expressions and items made during the process of translating the item bank

From: Dutch translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the PROMIS® physical function item bank and cognitive pre-test in Dutch arthritis patients

Source item Dutch version; English equivalent Final Dutch version Reason for adaptation
Are you able to walk a block on flat ground? Are you able to walk 150 meter on flat ground? Kunt u 150 meter lopen op vlakke ondergrond? 'Block' is a poorly understood concept in Dutch.
Are you able to push open a door after turning the knob? Are you able to push open a door after pushing down the latch? Kunt u een deur open duwen na nadat u de klink naar beneden heeft geduwd? Doors in the Netherlands do not have knob-type door operating mechanisms.
Are you able to pour liquid from a bottle into a glass? Are you able to pour water from a bottle into a glass? Kunt u water vanuit een fles in een glas schenken? The word 'liquid' is mostly used to refer to a specific state of matter, rather than something that can be drunk.
Are you able to reach into a high cupboard? Are you able to retrieve something from a high cupboard? Kunt u iets uit een hoog keukenkastje pakken? To reach into is not directly translatable to Dutch.
Are you able to reach into a low cupboard? Are you able to retrieve something from a low cupboard? Kunt u iets uit een laag keukenkastje pakken? To reach into is not directly translatable to Dutch.