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Table 1 Clinical and laboratory features at conception and treatment in 46 SLE patients during 47 pregnancies.

From: Effect of pregnancy on serum cytokines in SLE patients

  No. of patients (%)
Skin manifestations 16 (35)
Arthralgias and/or arthritis 26 (56)
Serositis 4 (8.7)
Glomerulonephritis 16 (34)
CNS involvement 2 (4.3)
Hematological involvement 26 (56)
Anti-dsDNA Ab 33 (71.7)
Anti-Sm Ab 6 (13)
Anti-U1RNP Ab 10 (21.7)
Anti-Ro/SSA Ab 17 (37)
Anticardiolipin Ab 20 (43.5)
LAC 7 (15.2)
Double LAC + aCL positivity 6 (13)
Prednisone 36 (78)
Antimalarials 18 (39)
Azathioprine 11 (24)
No therapy 5 (11)
  1. Hematological involvement, excluding hemolytic anemia. Ab, anti-extractable nuclear antigens antibodies (anti-ENA); aCL, anticardiolipin antibodies Anti-dsDNA Ab, anti-double-stranded-DNA antibodies; anti-Sm, anti-U1RNP, anti-Ro/SSA; CNS, central nervous system; LAC, lupus anticoagulant