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Table 1 Types of kidney disease in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

From: Kidney disease in lupus is not always 'lupus nephritis'

Immune complex glomerulonephritis ('lupus nephritis')
Immune complex tubulointersitial nephritis
Minimal change nephrotic syndrome
Thrombotic microangiopathy
Infectious ascending tubulointerstitial disease
Opportunistic renal infections
Renal drug-induced toxicity
Renal injury due to concomitant disease (for example, hypertension and diabetes mellitus)