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Table 2 Occurrence of main adverse effects of NSAIDs in the lower gastrointestinal tract with NSAID use

From: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and upper and lower gastrointestinal mucosal damage

Adverse effect

Frequency (%)

Increased gut permeability

44 to 70

Gut inflammation

60 to 70

Blood loss and anemia



40 to 70

Mucosal ulceration

30 to 40

  1. Table constructed using data from [28]. NSAID, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug.