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Table 2 Occurrence of main adverse effects of NSAIDs in the lower gastrointestinal tract with NSAID use

From: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and upper and lower gastrointestinal mucosal damage

Adverse effect Frequency (%)
Increased gut permeability 44 to 70
Gut inflammation 60 to 70
Blood loss and anemia 30
Malabsorption 40 to 70
Mucosal ulceration 30 to 40
  1. Table constructed using data from [28]. NSAID, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug.