Skip to main content

Table 2 Trait Emotional Intelligence profile comparison between rheumatoid arthritis and healthy control groups (means; t-tests)

From: Possible rheumatoid arthritis subtypes in terms of rheumatoid factor, depression, diagnostic delay and emotional expression: an exploratory case-control study

Factor/Facet Rheumatoid arthritis (n= 637)
Mean (SD)
Healthy controls (n= 496)
Mean (SD)
t- value Effect size (Cohen's d)
Well-being 5.10 (1.06) 5.27 (0.82) 3.03*** 0.18
   Self esteem 4.76 (1.04) 4.97 (0.83) 3.79*** 0.22
   Happiness 5.35 (1.31) 5.55 (1.01) 2.83** 0.17
   Optimism 5.18 (1.18) 5.29 (0.98) 1.60 0.10
Self-control 4.65 (0.86) 4.66 (0.80) 0.14 0.01
   Emotion regulation 4.53 (0.97) 4.56 (0.86) 0.60 0.03
   Stress management 4.47 (1.11) 4.69 (0.99) 3.51*** 0.21
   Low impulsiveness 4.97 (0.97) 4.73 (0.97) 4.05*** 0.25
Emotionality 5.21 (0.81) 5.08 (0.74) 2.66** 0.17
   Emotion perception 4.92 (0.95) 4.89 (0.83) 0.50 0.03
   Emotion expression 4.83 (1.36) 4.82 (1.21) 0.10 0.01
   Relationships 5.71 (0.82) 5.46 (0.80) 5.26*** 0.31
   Empathy 5.36 (0.83) 5.15 (0.79) 4.21*** 0.26
Sociability 4.70 (0.82) 4.95 (0.75) 5.39*** 0.32
   Social awareness 4.90 (0.99) 5.04 (0.88) 2.37* 0.15
   Emotion management 4.59 (0.82) 4.84 (0.85) 4.99*** 0.30
   Assertiveness 4.60 (1.06) 4.98 (0.87) 6.46*** 0.39
Adaptability 4.55 (1.02) 4.74 (0.84) 3.26*** 0.20
Self-motivation 5.01 (0.91) 4.89 (0.82) 2.38* 0.14
Global trait     
   Emotional intelligence 4.92 (0.72) 4.97 (0.61) 1.45 0.08
  1. *P (value) <0.05; **P (value) <0.01; ***P (value) <0.0025 following Bonferroni adjustment to control for experiment-wise Type I error.