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Table 5 Multivariable adjusted model for occurrence of carotid plaques.

From: Ischemic arterial events and atherosclerosis in patients with systemic sclerosis: a population-based case-control study

  Plaques
Functional groups
and included variables
Odds ratio
(95% CI)
Pvalue
Age 1.1 (1.03-1.16) 0.003
Disease characteristics   
ACA+ 4.0 (1.26-14.1) 0.02
Traditional risk factors   
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 1.1 (1.01-1.11) 0.04
Inflammatory biomarkers   
IL-6 (pg/ml) 3.8 (1.3-13.3) 0.01
Endothelial biomarkers   
VCAM-1 (ng/ml) 1.5 (0.15-14.7) 0.7
Kidney function test   
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2) 0.3 (0.04-1.07) 0.07
  1. CI, confidence interval; ACA, anticentromere antibodies; +, positivity; IL, interleukin; VCAM-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule 1; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate, based on cystatin C measurements.