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Table 2 Neocartilage dimensions, hydration, and cellularity

From: Inducing articular cartilage phenotype in costochondral cells

Treatment Control HP C-ABC TGF-β1 HP/C-ABC HP/TGF-β1 TGF-β1/C-ABC HP/C-ABC TGF-β1
Diameter (mm) 5.9 ± 0.1a 5.8 ± 0.1a 5.5 ± 0.1b 5.6 ± 0.0b 5.6 ± 0.1b 5.6 ± 0.0b 5.3 ± 0.1c 5.4 ± 0.1c
Thickness (mm) 0.7 ± 0.1ab 0.7 ± 0.1a 0.5 ± 0.1d 0.7 ± 0.1abc 0.5 ± 0.0d 0.7 ± 0.0a 0.5 ± 0.0cd 0.6 ± 0.0bcd
Hydration (% water) 89.2 ± 0.6a 89.4 ± 0.9a 86.4 ± 0.9b 86.3 ± 0.6b 86.2 ± 0.5b 86.8 ± 0.6b 86.8 ± 0.7b 86.1 ± 1.4b
Cells × 106/construct 1.6 ± 0.4d 1.8 ± 0.2cd 2.0 ± 0.1abcd 2.0 ± 0.3bcd 2.1 ± 0.2abc 2.2 ± 0.3abc 2.4 ± 0.3ab 2.4 ± 0.3a
  1. Data reported as mean ± standard deviation. C-ABC, chondroitinase ABC; HP, hydrostatic pressure; TGF-β1, transforming growth factor beta-1. Lowercase letters denote significance. All groups not connected by a common letter are significantly different (P <0.05).