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Table 9 Baseline and other characteristics of the propensity score-matched patients receiving fondaparinux or enoxaparin (TKA)

From: Venous thromboembolism after total joint arthroplasty: results from a Japanese multicenter cohort study

  Fondaparinux Enoxaparin P value
n = 204 n = 204
Gender, male/female 30/174 26/178 0.565
Age, years    
  Mean ± SD 73.6 ± 7.6 73.2 ± 7.7 0.734
  Range 34-87 45-89  
Body mass index, kg/m2    
  Mean ± SD 25.4 ± 4.0 25.5 ± 4.0 0.729
History of venous thrombosis, n (%) 3 (1.5%) 2 (1.0%) 0.500
Comorbidities, n (%)    
  Hypertension 113 (55.4%) 98 (48.0%) 0.137
  Ischemic heart disease 9 (4.4%) 11 (5.4%) 0.647
  Diabetes 29 (14.2%) 27 (13.2%) 0.774
  Cerebrovascular disease 11 (5.4%) 7 (3.4%) 0.335
Operation time, minutes    
  Mean ± SD 131.4 ± 41.7 130.2 ± 46.7 0.786
Primary diseases, n (%)    
  Rheumatoid arthritis 41 (20.1%) 27 (13.2%) 0.063
  Osteoarthritis 161 (78.9%) 176 (86.3%) 0.050
  Others 2 (1.0%) 1 (0.5%) 0.500
General anesthesia 175 (85.8%) 150 (73.5%) 0.002
Use of elastic stocking, n (%) 195 (95.6%) 184 (90.2%) 0.034
Use of foot pump, n (%) 184 (90.2%) 156 (76.5%) <0.0001
Use of tourniquet, n (%) 187 (91.7%) 193 (94.6%) 0.240
Use of cement, n (%) 198 (97.1%) 198 (97.1%) 1.000
e-GFR, mL/min per 1.73 m2    
  Mean ± SD 74.7 ± 22.1 74.2 ± 19.4 0.961
  Range 24.1-158.7 30.9-147.5  
Serum albumin, g/dL    
  Mean ± SD 4.0 ± 0.5 4.1 ± 0.4 0.041
  Range 2.3-5.0 2.8-4.9  
Platelet count, 104/μL    
  Mean ± SD 24.8 ± 6.9 24.9 ± 7.2 0.913
  1. Kruskal-Wallis rank test were performed on the means of continuous variables. For categorical variables, chi-squared tests were used. e-GFR, estimated glomerular filtrating ratio; SD, standard deviation; TKA, total knee arthroplasty.