Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 1 Association between CD3+CD4+CD28- T cells and clinical measurements

From: Prevalence, clinical relevance and characterization of circulating cytotoxic CD4+CD28- T cells in ankylosing spondylitis

% CD4+CD28- grouped according to grade of movement restriction
  Minor Mean Major
Cervical rotation (sitting) 3.6 ± 3.4 7.6 ± 6.5 8.9 ± 8.6
Cervical rotation (lying) 4.1 ± 3.5 7.9 ± 6.6 8.7 ± 7.6
Tragus to wall 7.5 ± 5.6 7.7 ± 7.7 8.5 ± 6.7
Chin to jugulum 6.0 ± 6.2 6.6 ± 6.7 9.1 ± 6.6
Head to wall 7.9 ± 6.9 9.2 ± 6.7 6.6 ± 6.0
Chest expansion 4.5 ± 3.8 6.4 ± 5.7 8.5 ± 7.4
Thoracic Schober test 7.1 ± 6.6 7.8 ± 6.6 7.0 ± 6.7
Modified Schober test 4.8 ± 4.4 7.4 ± 6.2 9.0 ± 7.3
Lumbar side flexion 4.2 ± 3.8 8.1 ± 6.5 8.8 ± 7.3
Fingers to floor 5.8 ± 6.9 7.5 ± 6.4 8.9 ± 7.4
Intermalleolar distance 5.9 ± 5.4 8.9 ± 6.9 8.3 ± 7.1
  1. Using the Kruskal–Wallis test with subsequent Bonferroni adjustment, there was no association between the levels of CD3+CD4+CD28- T cells and grade of clinical restriction in ankylosing spondylitis patients. Patients were grouped in those with minor restrictions (cervical rotation in sitting and lying position > 70°, tragus to wall distance < 15 cm, chin to jugulum distance < 3 cm, head to wall distance < 5 cm, chest expansion > 6 cm, thoracic Schober test > 32 cm, modified Schober test > 6 cm, lumbar side flexion > 10 cm, fingers to floor distance < 20 cm, intermalleolar distance > 100 cm), those with mean restrictions, and those with major restrictions (cervical rotation in sitting and lying position < 15°, tragus to wall distance > 22 cm, chin to jugulum distance > 6 cm, head to wall distance > 20 cm, chest expansion < 2 cm, thoracic Schober test < 30.5 cm, modified Schober test < 3 cm, lumbar side flexion < 5 cm, fingers to floor distance > 50 cm, intermalleolar distance < 70 cm).