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Table 1 Profiles of the patients studied

From: Association of cerebrospinal fluid anti-Sm antibodies with acute confusional state in systemic lupus erythematosus

Diagnosis No. of patients Gender (male/female) Age (mean ± SD)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) 72   
Diffuse NPSLE 49 7/42 38.3 ± 14.4
Acute confusional state 19   
Anxiety disorder 3   
Cognitive dysfunction 8*   
Mood disorder 12   
Psychosis 7   
Focal NPSLE 23 4/19 42.0 ± 15.2
Cerebrovascular disease 9   
Demyelinating syndrome 1   
Headache 2   
Movement disorder 2   
Seizure disorder 7   
Aseptic meningitis 1   
Polyneuropathy 1   
Non SLE control 22 21/1 49.4 ± 10.5
  1. *Two patients also presented with mood disorder. SD: standard deviation; (NP)SLE: (neuropsychiatric) systemic lupus erythematosus.