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Table 1 Characteristics of the sample sets

From: The relationship of apolipoprotein B and very low density lipoprotein triglyceride with hyperuricemia and gout

  Polynesians Pvalues
NU HU Gout NU vs. HU NU vs. Gout HU vs. Gout
Number 30 30 30 30 30 30
Age (year) 46.07 ± 12.18 45.83 ± 12.32 42.43 ± 9.95 0.94 0.21 0.24
Waist circumference (cm) 105.72 ± 11.03 111.31 ± 15.32 110.00 ± 11.20 0.12 0.15 0.71
BMI (kg/cm2) 32.97 ± 5.60 34.68 ± 6.06 34.52 ± 5.31 0.27 0.28 0.92
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2) 83.03 ± 16.14 72.30 ± 12.35 74.77 ± 15.36 0.0054 0.047 0.50
Hypertension (%) 17.24 16.67 26.67 0.95 0.38 0.35
Type 2 diabetes (%) 13.33 6.67 6.9 0.39 0.41 0.97
Statin use (%) 13.33 13.33 30.00 0.96 0.20 0.22
Fibrate use (%) _ _ 3.33 _ _ _
Tophi (%) _ _ 53.33 _ _ _
Allopurinol use (%) _ _ 68.97 _ _ _
Probenecid usage (%) _ _ 7.41 _ _ _
Fruit consumption (pieces per day) 2.62 ± 1.37 1.88 ± 1.46 1.23 ± 0.96 0.051 <0.00001 0.049
Sugary drink consumption (drinks per day) 2.41 ± 2.40 2.06 ± 1.91 2.78 ± 2.07 0.54 0.53 0.17
Alcohol consumption (drinks/week) 2.40 ± 6.02 4.23 ± 7.95 8.87 ± 13.53 0.32 0.020 0.11
Serum urate (mmol/L)1 0.346 ± 0.040 0.474 ± 0.063 0.469 ± 0.107 <0.00001 <0.00001 0.84
   Europeans    P values  
  NU HU Gout NU vs. HU NU vs. Gout HU vs. Gout
Number 30 30 30    
Age (year) 57.67 ± 12.01 63.17 ± 13.61 53.60 ± 9.11 0.10 0.14 0.0022
Waist circumference (cm) 92.25 ± 15.08 99.38 ± 13.53 107.79 ± 9.92 0.090 <0.00001 0.0096
BMI (kg/cm2) 25.73 ± 6.53 28.85 ± 6.88 31.27 ± 4.18 0.12 0.0001 0.11
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2) 80.18 ± 12.49 65.91 ± 16.25 68.86 ± 17.47 0.0004 0.0059 0.50
Hypertension (%) 23.33 36.67 46.67 0.26 0.058 0.43
Type 2 diabetes (%) 3.45 6.9 3.33 0.55 0.98 0.53
Statin use (%) 20.00 23.33 16.67 0.75 0.74 0.52
Fibrate use (%) _ _ 3.33 _ _ _
Tophi (%) _ _ 13.79 _ _ _
Allopurinol use (%) _ _ 75.86 _ _ _
Probenecid usage (%) _ _ 3.7 _ _ _
Fruit consumption (pieces per day) 1.68 ± 1.09 2.27 ± 1.62 2.00 ± 1.39 0.11 0.33 0.50
Sugary drink consumption (drinks per day) 0.77 ± 1.27 1.42 ± 1.77 0.69 ± 1.04 0.11 0.79 0.060
Alcohol consumption (drinks/week) 5.40 ± 6.13 8.68 ± 14.72 6.53 ± 6.06 0.26 0.47 0.46
Serum urate (mmol/L) 0.321 ± 0.046 0.459 ± 0.041 0.403 ± 0.094 <0.00001 0.0001 0.0042
  1. 1In the European gout cases, 17 were HU and 13 NU at the time of recruitment. In the Polynesian cases, the corresponding numbers were 22 and 8, respectively. NU: normouricaemia; HU: hyperuricaemia; BMI: body mass index; eGRF: estimated glomerular filtration rate.