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Table 4 Odds ratios for hip OA according to alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverage consumption

From: Beer and wine consumption and risk of knee or hip osteoarthritis: a case control study

Beverage Frequency of consumption Hip OA Controls CRUDE ORs Adjusted a OR Adjusted b OR
Number Number ORs 95.0% CI P value ORs 95.0% CI P value ORs 95.0% CI P value
Alcoholic c                
Total alcohol intake Nondrinkersd 257 186 1.00     1.00     1.00    
  < = 2 per week 90 93 0.70 0.50 0.99 0.044 0.66 0.46 0.96 0.031 0.63 0.42 0.94 0.025
  3 to 6 per week 174 168 0.75 0.56 1.00 0.047 0.88 0.65 1.20 0.432 0.88 0.63 1.24 0.468
  7 to 14 per week 164 204 0.58 0.44 0.77 <0.001 0.83 0.60 1.13 0.232 0.75 0.53 1.06 0.106
  > = 15 per week 280 261 0.78 0.60 1.00 0.050 1.42 1.03 1.96 0.030 1.27 0.90 1.81 0.177
  P trend       0.022     0.062     0.265
Beer (half pints) Nonee 384 340 1.00     1.00     1.00    
  < = 3 per week 119 130 0.81 0.61 1.08 0.153 0.84 0.62 1.15 0.285 0.79 0.56 1.11 0.169
  4 to 7 per week 121 139 0.77 0.58 1.02 0.072 1.13 0.82 1.55 0.460 1.15 0.81 1.64 0.435
  8 to 19 per week 156 162 0.85 0.65 1.11 0.236 1.44 1.03 2.00 0.030 1.49 1.04 2.15 0.031
  > = 20 per week 185 141 1.16 0.89 1.51 0.264 2.36 1.65 3.37 <0.001 2.15 1.45 3.19 <0.001
  P trend       0.703     <0.001     <0.001
Wine (glasses) Nonee 703 579 1.00     1.00     1.00    
  < = 1 per week 37 43 0.71 0.45 1.11 0.136 0.68 0.42 1.09 0.111 0.67 0.39 1.14 0.140
  2 to 3 per week 102 110 0.76 0.57 1.02 0.069 0.83 0.60 1.14 0.242 0.97 0.68 1.38 0.868
  4 to 6 per week 61 103 0.49 0.35 0.68 <0.001 0.63 0.44 0.91 0.013 0.68 0.45 1.03 0.070
  > = 7 per week 62 77 0.66 0.47 0.94 0.022 0.91 0.62 1.33 0.624 0.88 0.58 1.34 0.549
  P trend       <0.001     0.052     0.181
Spirits (tots) Nonee 756 654 1.00     1.00     1.00    
  < = 1 per week 43 43 0.87 0.56 1.34 0.514 0.86 0.54 1.38 0.534 1.01 0.60 1.71 0.972
  2 to 3 per week 73 76 0.83 0.59 1.16 0.283 0.91 0.63 1.31 0.612 0.90 0.60 1.35 0.610
  4 to per week 53 64 0.72 0.49 1.05 0.084 0.84 0.56 1.25 0.391 0.63 0.41 0.98 0.040
  > = 8 per week 40 75 0.46 0.31 0.69 <0.001 0.59 0.39 0.91 0.017 0.53 0.33 0.85 0.008
  P trend       <0.001     0.020     0.002
Non-alcoholic f,c                
Tea (cups) = <1 per day 150 190 1.00     1.00     1.00    
  2 to 3 per day 310 271 1.45 1.11 1.90 0.007 1.19 0.89 1.60 0.240 1.08 0.77 1.51 0.656
  4 to 5 per day 315 290 1.38 1.05 1.80 0.019 1.14 0.85 1.52 0.386 1.05 0.74 1.47 0.797
  6+ per day 204 170 1.52 1.13 2.04 0.005 1.36 0.99 1.88 0.058 1.18 0.81 1.71 0.389
  P trend       0.019     0.112     0.472
Coffee (cups) = <6 per week 387 354 1.00     1.00     1.00    
  1 per day 269 195 1.26 1.00 1.59 0.051 1.12 0.88 1.44 0.358 1.11 0.85 1.47 0.438
  2 to 3 per day 243 249 0.89 0.71 1.12 0.329 0.95 0.74 1.21 0.675 0.97 0.74 1.28 0.850
  = >4 per day 80 123 0.59 0.43 0.82 0.001 0.79 0.56 1.12 0.183 0.86 0.58 1.30 0.483
  P trend       0.004     0.241     0.582
Pure fruit juice (glasses) <1/month 429 368 1.00     1.00     1.00    
  1/month to 1 / week 265 251 0.91 0.73 1.13 0.381 1.06 0.84 1.35 0.607 1.01 0.78 1.31 0.918
  2 to 6 per week 170 176 0.83 0.64 1.07 0.145 1.05 0.80 1.38 0.743 1.14 0.84 1.54 0.413
  > = 1 per day 115 126 0.78 0.59 1.04 0.097 0.81 0.59 1.11 0.194 0.88 0.62 1.25 0.482
  P trend       0.050     0.397     0.880
  1. aadjusted for age, gender, BMI, smoking; badjusted for age, gender, BMI, smoking, other alcoholic/non-alcoholic beveragesc, occupational risks, significant injury, kidney disease, energetic physical activity at ages 21 to 50 and gout. dincludes participants who did not drink alcohol on a regular basis (at least one alcoholic drink per week) during age period 21 to 50 years. eincludes alcohol abstainers at ages 21 to 50 and drinkers of other alcoholic drinks. fAnalyses are based on age period 30 to 40 years when information on non-alcoholic beverage consumption was assessed. BMI, body mass index; CI, confidence interval; OA, osteoarthritis; OR, odds ratio.