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Fig. 4 | Arthritis Research & Therapy

Fig. 4

From: In vivo pre-activation of monocytes in patients with axial spondyloarthritis

Fig. 4

Disturbed cytokine responses are found predominately in axial spondyloarthritis patients under conventional treatment. Subanalysis of monocytic cytokine production (Fig. 3) in patients stratified according to treatment into a group of patients receiving conventional treatment spondyloarthritis (CT) (n = 20) and patients receiving biological treatment (i.e., TNF inhibitor treatment) (BT) (n = 12) compared with healthy controls (C) (n = 17). *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01 (Kruskal-Wallis test and Dunn’s post test). FSL fibroblast-stimulating lipopeptid-1, IL interleukin, LPS lipopolysaccharide, MDP muramyl dipeptide, TNFα tumour necrosis factor alpha

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