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Table 4 Difference in risk of gout for chronic sugar-sweetened beverage intake stratified by body mass index (BMI) group

From: Body mass index modulates the relationship of sugar-sweetened beverage intake with serum urate concentrations and gout

   Per SSB category Overall SSB category
  SSB drinks/day Odds ratio (95 % CI) P ** Odds ratio (95 % CI) P P difference between BMI <25 and ≥25
All participants (n = 2,144)* 0 - - 1.09 (0.96–1.23) 0.19 -
>0 to <2 0.83 (0.64–1.07) 0.15
≥2 1.20 (0.93–1.54) 0.16
BMI <25 (n = 304) 0 - - 0.74 (0.49–1.13) 0.16 0.012
>0 to <2 0.43 (0.19–0.97) 0.043
≥2 0.64 (0.28–1.50)†† 0.31
BMI ≥25 (n = 1,840) 0 - - 1.15 (1.01–1.32) 0.035
>0 to <2 0.92 (0.70–1.21) 0.55
≥2 1.33 (1.02–1.74)†† 0.033
  1. The difference in gout risk in the overall sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) category is the average difference from sugar-sweetened beverage category 1 to category 2 to category 3 (i.e. 0, to >0 to <2, to ≥2). All analysis adjusted by age, sex, fruit intake (continuous variable), kidney disease, hypertension, triglycerides, and ethnicity (New Zealand (NZ) Caucasian, East Polynesian, West Polynesian and Mixed East/West Polynesian)
  2. *Analysis adjusted by BMI
  3. **Compared with referent group (0 SSB/day)
  4. P difference between BMI groups =5.9 × 10−4
  5. †† P difference between BMI groups = 0.028