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Table 5 Clinical features of participants in the acute fructose loading study

From: Body mass index modulates the relationship of sugar-sweetened beverage intake with serum urate concentrations and gout

  All (n = 76) BMI <25 (n = 31) BMI ≥25 (n = 45) P
Age, years 30 (17) 28 (14) 33 (19) 0.22
Male sex, n (%) 45 (59 %) 15 (48 %) 30 (67 %) 0.18
European ethnicity, n (%) 25 (33 %) 16 (52 %) 9 (20 %) 0.009
Māori ethnicity, n (%) 25 (33 %) 11 (35 %) 14 (31 %) 0.88
Pacific ethnicity, n (%) 26 (34 %) 4 (13 %) 22 (49 %) 0.002
Serum urate, mmol/l 0.36 (0.11) 0.31 (0.09) 0.40 (0.11) 0.0003
Triglycerides, mmol/L 1.24 (0.78) 0.93 (0.34) 1.44 (0.92) 0.0013
Fractional excretion of uric acid, % 5.82 (2.15) 5.97 (2.46) 5.70 (1.97) 0.60
Body mass index, kg/m2 27.4 (5.6) 22.6 (1.66) 30.8 (4.9) <0.0001
Kidney disease, n (%) 1 (1.3 %) 1 (3.2 %) 0 (0 %) 0.82
Hypertension, n (%) 6 (7.9 %) 2 (6.5 %) 4 (8.9 %) 0.99
  1. Unless specified, data are presented as mean (SD)
  2. BMI body mass index