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Table 3 Comparison of self-reported ability in each competence in respondents receiving formal education and those not receiving formal education

From: Rheumatology training experience across Europe: analysis of core competences

  Self-reported ability in respondents without formal education (mean (SD)) Self-reported ability in respondents receiving formal education (mean (SD)) P value
Musculoskeletal exam 8.5 (1.7) 9.1 (1.4) <0.0001
Detection of synovitis 8.8 (1.5) 9.1 (1.4) 0.0052
Mono-arthritis 8.8 (1.5) 9.2 (1.3) 0.0002
Laboratory test interpretation 9.2 (1.2) 9.5 (1.0) 0.0001
Osteoarthritisa 8.6 (1.7) 9.0 (1.5) <0.0001
Gouta 8.9 (1.5) 9.2 (1.3) <0.0001
Early rheumatoid arthritisa 8.8 (1.58) 9.1 (1.3) <0.0001
Spondyloarthritisa 8.7 (1.6) 9.1 (1.3) 0.0049
Autoimmune connective tissue diseasesa 7.7 (2.1) 8.1 (1.8) <0.0001
Vasculitisa 7.0 (2.3) 7.6 (2.1) <0.0001
Osteoporosisa 8.3 (1.8) 8.8 (1.5) <0.0001
bDMARDa 8.5 (2.2) 9.0 (1.6) 0.0005
Disease activity measures 8.6 (1.8) 9.0 (1.4) 0.0004
Knee aspiration 8.6 (2.4) 9.1 (1.9) <0.0001
Crystal identification 5.7 (3.9) 6.1 (3.8) <0.0001
X-ray 7.8 (2.2) 8.3 (1.8) <0.0001
Ultrasound 5.3 (3.5) 6.0 (3.4) <0.0001
Multidisciplinary team NR NR  
Interpret published paper 7.5 (2.2) 8.0 (2.0) <0.0001
Presentation 7.6 (2.4) 8.2 (2.0) <0.0001
Communication 8.8 (1.5) 9.0 (1.5) 0.0080
  1. aThese competences refer to the management of a patient with the given disease or treatment. bDMARD biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug NR not reported