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Table 1 Sample characteristics of U.S. adults with self-reported arthritis or joint pain (sample = 3791; population = 311,125,758)

From: The impact of arthritis and joint pain on individual healthcare expenditures: findings from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), 2011

  U.S. adults reporting arthritis or joint pain U.S. adults in sample with no reported arthritis or joint pain
Limitations, %
 Any limitations 62.86 18.18
 IADL 9.16 1.80
 ADL 5.68 1.03
 Walk limitations 39.01 6.12
Mean total expenditure ± SD $10,587 ± $504 $3813 ± $119
Predisposing factors, %
 Age, years
  18–24 0.77 15.36
  25–44 11.54 39.19
  45–64 45.85 32.72
  65+ 41.85 12.72
 Race
  Non-Hispanic white 75.64 64.76
  Non-Hispanic black 11.66 11.42
  Non-Hispanic other 4.77 7.58
  Hispanic 7.93 16.24
 Sex
  Male 36.86 50.49
  Female 63.14 49.51
 Region
  Northeast 18.29 18.28
  Midwest 23.24 21.07
  South 38.48 36.75
  West 19.99 23.91
 MSA
  Rural 19.17 14.72
  Urban 80.83 85.28
Enabling factors, %
 Income
   < $25,000 48.59 42.88
  $25,000–$49,999 29.33 29.80
  $50,000-$74,999 12.38 14.70
   > $75,000 9.70 12.62
 Employment
  Not employed 58.05 28.73
  Employed 41.95 71.27
 Education
  Less than high school 17.34 14.66
  High school 31.44 27.70
  College 40.87 45.59
  Graduate school 10.35 12.05
 Insurance
  Any private 63.09 68.99
  Public only 30.46 14.67
  No insurance 6.45 16.35
 Marital status
  Never married 10.48 31.04
  Separated/divorced/widowed 35.30 16.61
  Married 54.22 52.34
Need factors, %
 Asthma 15.21 7.80
 Diabetes 20.11 7.19
 Emphysema 7.12 1.21
 High blood pressure 63.28 26.05
 High cholesterol 55.75 25.01
 Stroke 9.89 2.14
 Depression 17.32 6.98
 CVD 32.32 9.91
 BMI
  Underweight 1.45 1.96
  Normal 23.80 37.05
  Overweight 32.17 34.29
  Obese 42.58 26.70
  1. Abbreviations: ADL Activities of daily living, BMI Body mass index, CVD Cardiovascular disease, IADL Instrumental activities of daily living, MSA Metropolitan statistical area