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Table 4 Prevalence of ECG-CVD in the general population

From: Prevalence and associated factors of resting electrocardiogram abnormalities among systemic lupus erythematosus patients without cardiovascular disease

Study References Sample size Mean age (range) in years ECG-CVD elements in different studies Prevalence (%)
Chicago Heart Association detection project Liao et al., 1988 [34] 17,633 51 (40–64) • ST-segment depression
• T-wave inversion
• LVH
• RBBB/LBBB
• Complete or second AV block
11.1% (female 12.5%, male 9.6%)
Charleston Heart Study Sutherland et al., 1993 [35] 933 48 (35–74) • ST-segment depression
• T-wave changes
• LBBB or RBBB
• LAD
• LVH
9%
Fine Study Menotti and Seccareccia, 1997 [16] 1785 Not reported (65–84) • Q-QS abnormalities
• ST-T abnormalities
• High R. waves
• Major arrhythmias and blocks
8%
Belgian Inter-University Research De Becquer et al., 1998 [27] 9954 48 (25–74) • ST-segment depression
• T-wave inversion
• LBBB or RBBB
• Atrial fibrillation or flutter
3.6%
Copenhagen ECG Study Rasmussen et al., 2014 [36] 285,194 65 • ST-segment depression Female 7%
Male 8%
  1. The definition of ECG-CVD varied among the included studies in Table 4
  2. ECG-CVD electrocardiogram cardiovascular disease abnormalities, LAD left axis deviation, LBBB left bundle branch block, LVH left ventricular hypertrophy, RBBB right bundle branch block