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Table 1 Demographic data and clinical features of 411 Chinese TAK patients

From: The clinical characteristics of Chinese Takayasu’s arteritis patients: a retrospective study of 411 patients over 24 years

  Patient number
Gender
 Female 325 (79.1%)
 Male 86 (20.9%)
Age at onset (years) 23.0 (18.0, 30.0)a
Duration of disease at first admission (months) 21.0 (6.0, 60.0)a
Constitutional findings
 Fever 128 (31.1%)
 Malaise 122 (29.7%)
 Weight loss 82 (20.0%)
Symptoms
 Arthralgia 37 (9.0%)
 Skin rash 32 (7.8%)
Vascular findings
 Bruit of carotid arteries 257 (62.5%)
 Hypertension 209 (50.9%)
 Asymmetric pulsation 158 (24.6%)
 Claudication  
  Upper limbs 60 (14.6%)
  Lower limbs 57 (13.9%)
 Gangrene 2 (0.5%)
Cardiac findings
 Valvar lesions 201 (48.9%)
 Left ventricle hypertrophy on ECG 58 (14.4%)
 Heart failure 61 (14.8%)
 Pericardial effusion 30 (7.3%)
 Myocardial lesions 26 (6.3%)
 Angina 14 (3.4%)
 Myocardial infarction 3 (0.7%)
Renal abnormalities
 Nephrotic-range proteinuria 13 (3.2%)
 Renal dysfunction 47 (11.4%)
Neurological symptoms
 Headache 125 (30.4%)
 Ischemic stroke 22 (5.4%)
 Syncope 49 (11.9%)
Ophthalmoscope findings
 Hypertensive retinopathy 31/165b (18.8%)
 TAK-related retinopathy 23/165b (13.9%)
  Ischemic changes 11/165b (6.7%)
  Vasculitis presentations 11/165b (6.7%)
  Others 3/165b (1.8%)
Angiographic classification
 Type I 91 (22.1%)
 Type IIa 16 (3.9%)
 Type IIb 16 (3.9%)
 Type III 12 (2.9%)
 Type IV 26 (6.3%)
 Type V 250 (60.8%)
Laboratory findings
 Level of ESR (mm/h) 26.0 (11.0, 65.0)a
 Level of CRP (mg/L) 12.8 (3.4, 44.8)a
 Level of hs-CRP (mg/L) 8.8 (2.0, 12.5)a
 Level of WBC (109/L) 8.2 (6.6, 11.0)a
 Level of Hgb (g/L) 121 (108, 135)a
  1. aMedian (Q1, Q3)
  2. bActually detected
  3. ECG electrocardiogram, ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate, Hgb hemoglobin, hs-CRP high-sensitive C-reactive protein, TAK Takayasu’s arteritis, WBC white blood cell