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Table 2 Absolute and relative rate of ED reporting by patient characteristics and comorbidities

From: Gout and subsequent erectile dysfunction: a population-based cohort study from England

Variable Controls Gout cases Adjusteda HR 95% CI Absolute risk differenceb
N Rateb 95% CI N Rateb 95% CI   
Overall 4124 136.2 132.1 140.4 1736 192.8 184.0 202.1 1.31 1.24 1.40 56.6
Age
  ≤ 34 68 34.6 27.3 43.9 42 61.4 45.4 83.1 1.20 0.79 1.83 26.8
 35–44 548 76.2 70.1 82.8 251 112.6 99.5 127.4 1.18 1.01 1.39 36.4
 45–54 1551 146.0 138.9 153.5 653 211.7 196.1 228.6 1.28 1.16 1.41 65.7
 55–64 1957 186.3 178.3 194.8 790 262.8 245.1 281.8 1.37 1.25 1.49 76.5
Smoking status
 Never/ex-smokers 3281 132.8 128.4 137.5 1487 191.2 181.7 201.1 1.32 1.24 1.41 58.3
 Current smoker 843 151.1 141.2 161.6 249 203.2 179.5 230.1 1.29 1.11 1.50 52.2
Alcohol consumption
 Never/ex-drinkers 834 112.3 104.9 120.2 283 206.7 183.9 232.2 1.77 1.53 2.05 94.4
 Current drinkers (1–9 units/week) 1716 132.6 126.5 139.1 601 184.2 170.1 199.5 1.29 1.17 1.42 51.6
 Current drinkers (≥10 units/week) 1574 158.7 151.1 166.8 852 194.9 182.2 208.4 1.21 1.11 1.32 36.2
Body mass index
 Normal 943 117.4 110.1 125.1 201 157.8 137.4 181.1 1.34 1.14 1.57 40.4
 Underweight 18 67.5 42.5 107.2 - - - - - - - -
 Overweight 1659 146.5 139.6 153.7 696 196.5 182.4 211.6 1.33 1.21 1.45 50.0
 Obese 1068 170.0 160.1 180.5 712 204.2 189.7 219.7 1.23 1.11 1.35 34.1
 Missing 436 99.6 90.7 109.4 126 189.5 159.1 225.6 1.71 1.37 2.14 89.8
Comorbidities
 Congestive heart disease 443 174.2 158.7 191.2 253 227.6 201.2 257.5 1.26 1.07 1.47 53.4
 Diabetes 946 343.6 322.4 366.2 514 349.4 320.4 380.9 1.05 0.94 1.74 5.8
 Hypertension 1347 173.4 164.4 183.0 852 206.8 193.4 221.2 1.18 1.09 1.29 33.4
 Chronic renal disease 122 106.3 89.0 127.0 129 149.5 125.8 177.7 1.41 1.10 1.81 43.2
 Depression 872 168.5 157.7 180.0 381 216.1 195.4 238.9 1.26 1.11 1.43 47.6
  1. ED erectile dysfunction, CI confidence interval
  2. aMutually adjusted unless stratified
  3. bPer 10,000 person-years