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Table 5 Structural MRI (HC/nonNPSLE/NPSLE patients)

From: Altered white matter microstructure in lupus patients: a diffusion tensor imaging study

  Mean   p value   
  NonNPSLE patients (n = 25) NPSLE patients (n = 39) HC/nonNPSLE HC/NPSLE NonNPSLE/NPSLE
Contrast-enhanced lesions 0 0.4 1.0 0.203 0.183
Ischemic lesions 0.04 0.03 0.397 0.535 0.750
Microhemorrhages 0 0.05 1.0 0.219 0.188
Level of atrophy 0.04 0.1 0.640 0.193 0.393
WMHI 0.88 0.77 0.015* 0.023* 0.682
ICH 0 0 - - -
  1. Characteristics of patients and controls in the cohort after exclusions. Healthy controls (n = 20); nonNPSLE patients (n = 25); NPSLE patients (n = 39)
  2. MRI magnetic resonance imaging, HC healthy controls, NPSLE neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus, WMHI white matter hyperintensities, ICH intracerebral hemorrhage
  3. *p < 0.05
  4. **p < 0.01