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Table 3 Race-specific multivariable logistic regression models for joint symptoms and radiographic OA with GJH

From: Association between general joint hypermobility and knee, hip, and lumbar spine osteoarthritis by race: a cross-sectional study

  Beighton ≥4 Beighton <4 Age-adjusteda OR (95% CI) Multivariably adjustedb OR (95% CI)
Knee symptoms
 Caucasian 42/103 (40.8%) 519/1214 (42.8%) 0.92 (0.61–1.39) 1.00 (0.65–1.56)
 African-American 14/35 (40.0%) 314/635 (49.4%) 0.67 (0.33–1.35) 0.70 (0.34–1.47)
Knee rOA
 Caucasian 29/103 (28.2%) 461/1214 (38.0%) 0.77 (0.49–1.23) 0.90 (0.55–1.47)
 African-American 9/35 (25.7%) 267/635 (42.0%) 0.45 (0.20–1.02) 0.45 (0.19–1.09)
Hip symptoms
 Caucasian 33/90 (36.7%) 402/1180 (34.1%) 1.13 (0.73–1.77) 1.19 (0.75–1.87)
 African-American 9/29 (31.0%) 182/595 (30.6%) 1.02 (0.46–2.29) 0.99 (0.43–2.27)
Hip rOA
 Caucasian 33/90 (36.7%) 405/1180 (34.3%) 1.26 (0.79–1.99) 1.30 (0.82–2.07)
 African-American 8/29 (27.6%) 181/595 (30.4%) 0.84 (0.35–2.00) 0.79 (0.33–1.89)
Lower back symptoms
 Caucasian 45/91 (49.5%) 457/1158 (39.5%) 1.50 (0.98–2.30) 1.54 (1.00–2.39)
 African-American 10/29 (34.5%) 239/586 (40.8%) 0.76 (0.35–1.67) 0.77 (0.34–1.72)
Lumbar Spine rOA
 Caucasian 51/91 (56.0%) 722/1158 (62.3%) 0.77 (0.51–1.18) 0.91 (0.58–1.43)
 African-American 12/29 (41.4%) 313/586 (53.4%) 0.62 (0.29–1.31) 0.57 (0.25–1.28)
Lumbar facet rOA
 Caucasian 69/93 (74.2%) 868/1179 (73.6%) 1.03 (0.64–1.67) 1.31 (0.78–2.19)
 African-American 16/28 (57.1%) 354/584 (60.6%) 0.87 (0.40–1.86) 0.74 (0.31–1.76)
  1. OA osteoarthritis, GJH general joint hypermobility, rOA radiographic osteoarthritis
  2. aAdjusted for age only
  3. bAdjusted for age, gender, prior joint injury, and body mass index. Statistically significant odds ratios are represented in bold