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Table 3 Association of gout with MI, in predefined subgroup analyses

From: Gout and the risk of myocardial infarction in older adults: a study of Medicare recipients

  Multivariable-adjusted model 1 Multivariable-adjusted model 1 Multivariable-adjusted model 1
HR (95% CI) p value HR (95% CI) p value HR (95% CI) p value
  Black White Other race
Gout 2.49 (2.10, 2.96) < 0.0001 2.02 (1.89, 2.16) < 0.0001 2.05 (1.59, 2.65) < 0.0001
  Female Male   
Gout 2.13 (1.94, 2.35) < 0.0001 2.04 (1.89, 2.21) < 0.0001   
  Age 65–75 years Age 75–85 years Age > 85 years
Gout 2.09 (1.90, 2.31) < 0.0001 1.89 (1.73, 2.08) < 0.0001 2.50 (2.15, 2.91) < 0.0001
  No hypertension   Hypertension    
Gout 3.00 (2.65, 3.40) < 0.0001 1.73 (1.61, 1.85) < 0.0001   
  No diabetes   Diabetes    
Gout 2.35 (2.17, 2.55) < 0.0001 1.64 (1.49, 1.80) < 0.0001   
  No hyperlipidemia   Hyperlipidemia    
Gout 2.45 (2.24, 2.69) < 0.0001 1.74 (1.60, 1.90) < 0.0001   
  No heart failure   Heart failure    
Gout 2.20 (2.04, 2.36) < 0.0001 1.73 (1.55, 1.93) < 0.0001   
  No CAD   CAD    
Gout 2.18 (2.01, 2.37) < 0.0001 1.74 (1.59, 1.91) < 0.0001   
  1. Race × gout, p = 0.10
  2. Age × gout, p < 0.05
  3. Gender × gout, p = 0.017
  4. Hypertension × gout, p < 0.0001
  5. Diabetes × gout, p < 0.0001
  6. Heart failure × gout, p < 0.0001
  7. Hyperlipidemia × gout, p < 0.0001
  8. CAD × gout, p < 0.0001
  9. Bold data represent significant HRs with p < 0.05
  10. HR hazard ratio, CI confidence interval, CAD coronary artery disease