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Table 2 Prevalence estimates and gender differences in painful body regions in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (n = 170)

From: Widespread pain in axial spondyloarthritis: clinical importance and gender differences

Body region Location numbers Total group Males (n = 108) Females (n = 62) Chi-square value p Value ORa p Value
Leg right 41, 43, 45, 47 11.2 (10.8–11.6) 10.2 (9.9–10.5) 12.9 (12.5–13.3) 0.293 .588 1.35 (0.43–4.30) .588
Leg left 42, 44, 46, 48 10 (9.7–10.3) 9.3 (9–9.6) 11.3 (10.9–11.7) 0.181 .671 0.77 (0.21–2.77) .687
SIJ 49, 50 32.9 (32.4–33.4) 26.9 (26.4–27.4) 43.5 (42.9–44.1) 4.971 .026 1.76 (0.82–3.81) .149
LX 47–56 74.7 (74.2–75.2) 69.4 (68.9–69.9) 83.9 (83.5–84.3) 4.338 .037 1.74 (0.73–4.14) .210
TX 57–60 32.4 (31.9–32.9) 25 (24.5–25.5) 45.2 (44.6–45.8) 7.315 .007 2.92 (1.30–6.55) .009
CTJ 61–64 47.6 (47–48.2) 48.1 (47.5–48.7) 66.1 (65.6–66.6) 5.139 .023 2.48 (1.17–5.26) .018
CX 65, 66 47.6 (47–48.2) 45.4 (44.8–46.0) 51.6 (51–52.2) 0.615 .433 1.55 (0.75–3.23) .240
CX and head 19–24, 65–68 54.7 (54.1–55.3) 50.9 (50.3–51.5) 61.3 (60.7–61.9) 1.708 .191 1.71 (0.81–3.60) .159
Sternum 17, 18 20.6 (20.1–21.1) 18.5 (18.1–18.9) 24.2 (23.7–24.7) 0.776 .378 0.98 (0.39–2.48) .972
LX only 47–56 21.2 (20.7–21.7) 20.4 (19.9–20.9) 22.6 (22.1–23.1) 0.115 .734 0.97 (0.41–2.30) .944
TX only 57–60 0.6 (1.5–0.7) 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 1.6 (1.5–1.7) 0.102b .186 0.00 (0.00–0.00) .999
CX only 61–68 10.6 (10.2–11.0) 12.0 (11.5–12.4) 8.1 (7.8–8.4) 0.657 .418 1.02 (0.31–3.34) .999
Widespread axial pain 47–66c 26.5 (26.0–27.0) 19.4 (18.9–19.9) 38.7 (38.1–39.3) 7.511 .006 3.33 (1.38–8.02) .007
Widespread peripheral articular pain 1–4, 7, 8, 25, 26, 29, 30, 33–36, 37–40, 43, 44, 73, 74, 77–80 46.5 (45.9–47.1) 40.7 (40.1–41.3) 56.5 (55.9–57.1) 3.908 .048 2.34 (1.12–4.88) .023
Widespread peripheral non-articular pain 5, 6, 9–14, 25–28, 31, 32, 41, 42, 45, 46, 69–72, 75, 76 44.7 (44.1–45.3) 39.8 (39.2–40.4) 53.2 (52.6–53.8) 2.866 .090 1.97 (0.93–4.15) .079
  1. Abbreviations: SIJ Sacroiliac joint, LX Lumbar spine, CX Cervical spine, TX Thoracic spine, CTJ Cervicothoracic junction
  2. aMultivariate OR ± 95% CI based on logistic regression analysis correcting for age, disease duration, spinal mobility (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index), disease activity (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index and physician global assessment of disease activity (n = 146)
  3. bPhi value is given because of low cell frequency (fewer than cases); significant results in bold; p < .05
  4. c Positive if pain is present in regions 47–56 and 57–60 and in regions 61–64 and 65–66