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Table 2 Demographic and clinical characteristics of study population (n = 130,966)

From: Mediation analysis to understand genetic relationships between habitual coffee intake and gout

  Controls % with data available Gout cases % with data available
n 128,831   2135  
Males, n (%) 59,782 (46.4%) 100.0 1972 (92.4%) 100.0
Age (years) 56.7 (7.98) 100.0 60.23 (6.67) 100.0
Body mass index (kg /m2) 27.47 (4.82) 99.7 30.87 (5.01) 99.6
Townsend Index −1.38 (3.05) 99.9 −1.12 (3.10) 99.8
Hypertension, n (%)) 40,185 (31.2%) 100.0 1402 (65.7%) 100,0
Diabetes, n (%) 5384 (4.2%) 100.0 279 (13.1%) 100.0
Kidney disease, n (%) 1121 (0.9%) 100.0 125 (5.9%) 100.0
Meat consumption, n (%) 122,658 (95.2%) 98.9 2103 (98.5%) 99.2
All meat intake (pieces per week) 5.50 (2.72) 98.9 6.55 (2.77) 99.2
Fish consumption, n (%) 123,330 (95.7%) 99.3 2079 (97.4%) 99.2
All fish intake (pieces per week) 2.23 (1.58) 99.3 2.34 (1.63) 99.2
Beer/cider intake (pints per week) 3.11 (5.71) 70.2 9.11 (10.26) 83.8
Spirits intake (measures per week) 1.98 (5.91) 70.0 2.97 (8.99) 83.4
Coffee consumption, n (%) 101,076 (78.5%) 99.8 1617 (75.7%) 99.2
Coffee intake (cups per day) 2.12 (2.20) 99.8 1.75 (1.83) 99.2
Tea consumption, n (%) 108,734 (84.4%) 99.8 1813 (84.9%) 99.9
Tea intake (cups per day) 3.45 (2.99) 99.8 3.31 (2.88) 99.9
Any fruit consumption, n (%) 119,605 (92.8%) 98.9 1917 (89.8%) 98.0
Fruit of any description (pieces per day) 2.98 (2.50) 98.9 2.72 (2.33) 98.0
All vegetable intake (pieces per day) 4.83 (3.17) 98.6 4.83 (3.06) 97.3
Bread intake (slices per week) 12.52 (8.69) 99.2 14.77 (9.72) 98.7
Cereal intake (bowls per week) 4.52 (2.80) 99.7 3.83 (2.81) 99.7
Cheese intake (pieces per week) 2.46 (1.75) 97.7 2.35 (1.66) 96.9
  1. Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and kidney disease defined by self-reported illness or hospital diagnosis
  2. All values are shown as mean (standard deviation) unless otherwise indicated