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Table 2 Baseline characteristics

From: Functional consultation and exercises improve grip strength in osteoarthritis of the hand – a randomised controlled trial

Characteristics All patients Combined intervention RC
Demographics
Patient, n 151 74 77
Female, n (%) 127 (84) 59 (79.7) 68 (88.3)
Age, mean (SD), years 59.6 (10.6) 60.1 (10.9) 59.1 (10.4)
Disease duration, mean (SD), years 7.6 (9.4) 6.5 (9.2) 9.0 (9.6)
CMC 1 OA (in one or both hands), n (%) 75 (50) 36 (48.6) 39 (50.6)
Education (persons obtaining more than compulsory schooling), n (%) 74 (49) 37 (50) 37 (48)
Handedness, right handed, n (%) 134 (89) 62 (83.8) 72 (93.5)
BMI, mean (SD) 26.3 (4.8) 25.7 (4.4) 26.9 (5.1)
Self-reported satisfaction with appearance of hands on a LSa, mean (SD) 1.50 (1.29) 1.47 (1.26) 1.53 (1.32)
Grip strength (Vigorimeter), dominant hand, mean (SD), bar 0.13 (0.19) 0.14 (0.18) 0.13 (0.20)
Grip strength (Vigorimeter), non-dominant hand, mean (SD), bar 0.13 (0.20) 0.14 (0.19) 0.12 (0.21)
Self-reported pain on a LSa, mean (SD) 5.16 (2.095) 5.22 (1.96) 5.10 (2.23)
Self-reported satisfaction with treatment on a LSa, mean (SD) 7.17 (2.96) 7.26 (2.53) 7.10 (3.30)
Self-reported health status on a LSa, mean (SD) 3.99 (2.40) 3.78 (2.35) 4.18 (2.44)
JT Subtest 3, dominant hand, mean (SD) 8.04 (3.82) 7.79 (3.05) 8.28 (4.44)
JT Subtest 3, non-dominant hand, mean (SD) 8.01 (2.75) 7.98 (2.49) 8.05 (2.99)
JT Subtest 7, dominant hand 5.02 (1.49) 5.02 (1.26) 5.02 (1.69)
JT Subtest 7, non-dominant hand, mean (SD) 5.14 (2.23) 5.34 (2.68) 4.94 (1.67)
AUSCAN, mean (SD) 15.71 (4.87) 15.85 (4.08) 15.57 (5.53)
  1. There were no statistically significant differences in baseline characteristics between the combined intervention group and the routine care group
  2. AUSCAN Australian/Canadian Hand Osteoarthritis Index, CMC 1 Carpometacarpal 1 joint, JT Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test, OA osteoarthritis, RC routine care
  3. aLS = value examined on a Likert scale from 0 to 10