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Table 2 The difference between TA and atherosclerosis patients in CDUS

From: Value of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography of the carotid artery for evaluating disease activity in Takayasu arteritis

  TA Carotid atherosclerosis p
N 84 37  
Age, years 31.88 ± 10.01 62.68 ± 8.78 < 0.001
Sex, female (%) 73 (86.90) 6 (16.22) < 0.001
Unilateral carotid artery lesion (%) 17 (20.20) 10 (27.03) 0.479
Local vascular lesion (%) 12 (14.29) 33 (89.19) < 0.001
Initial lesion of carotid artery (%) 81 (96.40) 3 (8.11) < 0.001
Bifurcation lesion of carotid artery (%) 2 (2.38) 33 (89.19) < 0.001
Hypoechoic lesions (%) 84 (100) 6 (16.22) < 0.001
Carotid artery diameter, mm 3.73 ± 2.19 6.49 ± 0.84 < 0.001
Carotid artery wall thickness, mm 2.12 ± 0.78 1.33 ± 0.94 < 0.001
Macaroni sign (%) 84 (100) 0 < 0.001
Carotid artery peak flow rate, m/s 1.37 ± 0.99 1.21 ± 1.07 0.466
Carotid RI 0.73 ± 0.13 0.74 ± 0.07 0.565
  1. TA Takayasu arteritis, CDUS color Doppler ultrasonography, RI resistance index