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Table 2 Self-reported sleep characteristics of people with physician-diagnosed gout

From: Self-reported sleep quality and sleep disorders in people with physician-diagnosed gout: an Internet cross-sectional survey

  All, N (%)*
Doctor or health care provider diagnosed the following sleep disorder
 Doctor-diagnosed sleep apnea 42 (17%)
 Doctor-diagnosed sleep disorder other than sleep apnea 5 (2%)
 Doctor has ordered a sleep study, no diagnosis as yet 9 (4%)
 No diagnosis of sleep disorder 185 (77%)
Single-item sleep quality, mean (SD) (0 = worst possible sleep; 10 = best possible sleep)
 Over the past 24 h 5.5 (2.6)
 Over the past 7 days (adapted for longer duration) 5.8 (2.3)
Single-item subjective sleepiness (SS) scale: sleepiness on a typical day, mean (SD) (0 = not sleepy at all during the day; 10 = the most sleepy during the day) 3.5 (2.6)
NHANES 2016 sleep questionnaire
 Average number of hours of sleep per night, mean (SD) 6.7 (1.3)
 Snored while asleep in the past 12 months
  Never 26 (14%)
  Rarely, 1–2 nights a week 45 (25%)
  Occasionally, 3–4 nights a week 48 (27%)
  Frequently, 5 or more nights a week 60 (34%)
 Snorted, gasped, or stopped breathing while asleep in the past 12 months
  Never 86 (55%)
  Rarely, 1–2 nights a week 38 (24%)
  Occasionally, 3–4 nights a week 21 (13%)
  Frequently, 5 or more nights a week 12 (8%)
 Felt excessively or overly sleepy during the day in the past month
  Never 16 (8%)
  Rarely, 1–time a month 53 (28%)
  Sometimes, 2–4 times a month 76 (40%)
  Often, 5–15 times a month 45 (24%)
  Always, 16–30 times a month 0 (0%)
  1. *Missing, n = 79–85 on most questions, except rating of the quality of sleep (n = 106), excessive daytime sleeping (n = 130) and reporting of snoring (n = 141), snorting/gasping/stopping breathing (n = 163); 1p value = 0.001; 2p value = 0.07; 3p value = 0.002