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Table 4 Baseline demographics, CNS features, and SSS-8 of seven patients diagnosed with CNS infections

From: Clinical features of central nervous system infections and experience in differential diagnosis from neuropsychiatric lupus erythematosus in a cohort of 8491 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

Case Gender Age at SLE diagnosis (years) Disease duration (months) Neuropsychiatric symptoms CSF examination Hypocomplementemia SSS-8 Possible CNS infections Final diagnosis Etiology Concordance of prejudge with final diagnosis
Pressure (mmH2O) WBC (/μL) PMN ratio (%) Protein (g/L) Glucose (mmol/L)
1 F 35 1 Fever, headache, hemiplegia 310 580 94 1.07 4.23 No 6 Yes Brain abscess Listeria monocytogenes Yes
2 F 37 2 Fever, headache, hemiplegia 260 59 1 0.6 2.8 No 4 Yes Brain abscess Unknown Yes
3 F 54 5 Fever, cognitive dysfunction, consciousness disturbance 135 690 92.4 8.83 0.9 Yes 5 Yes Meningoencephalitis Unknown Yes
4 F 53 1 Fever, headache, vomiting, consciousness disturbance > 330 269 4.9 2.42 2.7 Yes 5 Yes Meningitis Mycobacterium Yes
5 F 12 3 Fever, headache 160 50 12 1.5 2.0 Yes 5 Yes Meningitis Fusarium Yes
6 F 12 122 Fever, headache, vomiting 120 1054 98 2.78 0.1 No 7 Yes Meningitis Gram-negative bacillus Yes
7 M 26 60 Fever, headache, vomiting, consciousness disturbance 230 6 0 0.45 2.7 Yes 2 No Brain abscess Listeria monocytogenes No
  1. CNS central nervous system, SLE systemic lupus erythematosus, NPSLE neuropsychiatric lupus erythematosus, CSF cerebrospinal fluid, WBCs white blood cells, PMN polymorphonuclear leukocyte, SSS-8 simplified scoring system with 8 items