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Table 1 Demographic and clinical features of the giant cell arteritis cohort at baseline

From: Associated factors of poor treatment outcomes in patients with giant cell arteritis: clinical implication of large vessel lesions

Characteristics Value
Age, years, mean ± SD (n = 139) 73.8 ± 7.7
Female patients, % (n = 139) 66.9
Weight, kg, mean ± SD (n = 139) 50.9 ± 10.4
GCA ACR classification criteria, % (n = 139) 78.4
Modified GCA classification criteria, % (n = 139) 99.3
TAB performed, % (n = 139) 61.9
TAB positive, % (n = 139) 50.4
Imaging performed, % (n = 139) 96.6
Imaging positive, % (n = 139) 52.5
Signs and symptoms of cranial lesions, % (n = 139) 77.7
 Headache, % (n = 139) 61.2
 Abnormal temporal artery, % (n = 139) 59.0
 Jaw claudication, % (n = 139) 36.0
 Visual disturbance, % (n = 139) 23.7
 Visual loss, % (n = 139) 4.3
Signs and symptomsa of LVL, % (n = 139) 25.9
 Neck, % (n = 136) 10.3
 Upper limbs, % (n = 135) 11.8
 Lower limbs, % (n = 133) 3.0
 Chest or abdominal bruit, % (n = 131) 9.2
Fever, % (n = 137) 32.1
Constitutional symptoms, % (n = 132) 75.8
Polymyalgia rheumatica, % (n = 139) 41.7
CRP, mg/dl, median (interquartile range) (n = 139) 7.2 (3.3–11.2)
Albumin, mg/dl, mean ± SD (n = 124) 3.1 ± 0.6
Ischemic heart disease, % (n = 138) 7.2
Cerebrovascular disease, % (n = 135) 14.1
Chronic lung disease, % (n = 137) 8.0
Hypertension, % (n = 138) 44.9
Diabetes mellitus, % (n = 138) 21.0
Hyperlipidemia, % (n = 138) 25.3
Osteoporosis, % (n = 121) 21.5
Dementia, % (n = 137) 1.5
  1. LVL large vessel lesions, LV large vessel, ACR American College of Rheumatology, CRP C-reactive protein
  2. aInformation about any signs and symptoms of LVL was reported in all enrolled patients. Signs and symptoms of the neck included tenderness of the carotid arteries, carotid bruit, or neck claudication. Signs and symptoms of the upper limb included arm claudication, decreased or absent radial pulse, or blood pressure asymmetry > 10 mmHg. Lower limb included leg claudication or decreased or absent pulse of lower limb