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Table 3 Cardiovascular outcomes during the 10-year follow-up

From: Cardiovascular disease in diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH): from theory to reality—a 10-year follow-up study

  DISH N = 45
N (%)
Control N = 47
N (%)
P value
Myocardial infarction 11 (24.4) 2 (4.3) 0.0055
Transient ischemic attack 5 (11.1) 9 (19.2) 0.2833
Cerebrovascular accident 4 (8.9) 2 (4.3) 0.4297
Peripheral vascular disease 1 (2.2) 0 (0) 0.4891
Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction 3 (6.7) 0 0.1130
All-cause mortality 5 (11.1) 4 (8.5%) 0.7369
CV mortality 3 (6.7) 0 (0%) 0.1130
Composite outcomes* 17 (38.8) 12 (25.5) 0.2063
  1. *A subject with an outcome was counted once, even if had more than one outcome during the follow-up. P value calculated by the chi-square test (or Fisher’s exact test—depending on the percent of cells with an expected count less than 5)