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Fig. 6 | Arthritis Research & Therapy

Fig. 6

From: Effect of Porphyromonas gingivalis infection on gut dysbiosis and resultant arthritis exacerbation in mouse model

Fig. 6

Effect of PgPAD on the onset of joint arthritis. The effect of PgPAD on the onset of arthritis was determined. In this experiment, PgPAD deletion mutant 33277 strain (pad) and Pg 33277 wild-type (WT) strain were used, unless Pg W83 strain was specifically described in caption of Figures. ABL of the upper jaw in each group was measured (a). Ctrl, PBS inoculation; WT, Pg wild-type inoculation; pad, Pg pad knockout strain inoculation. To evaluate inflammation of the gingival tissue 6 weeks after Pg inoculation, IL-6 production in gingival tissue of SKG mice was measured by ELISA (b). AS was measured 3 and 6 weeks after Pg inoculation with LA i.p. injection (c). To assess CP synthesis, ELISA was performed (d gingival tissue, e joint tissue, f small intestine, g large intestine). The titer of serum ACPA 6 weeks after Pg inoculation with LA i.p. injection in mice from each group was measured by ELISA (h). The production of endogenous PADI2 and PADI4 in joint tissue was determined by Western blotting, and then the density of each band was measured by NIH Image-J (i and j). Data represent mean ± SD (bj) of 5 mice per group. Statistical analyses were performed using the Tukey-Kramer test and Bonferroni-corrected Mann-Whitney U test for multiple comparisons (*P < 0.05, **P < 0.01)

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