Skip to main content

Table 3 Risk of damage accrual by HDAS patient category

From: Disease course following High Disease Activity Status revealed patterns in SLE

HDAS patient category Odds of accruing damage
Unadjusted Adjusted for observation timea
OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value
Never experienced HDAS 1 Not applicable 1 Not applicable
One HDAS visit only 1.6 (0.7–3.3) 0.252 1.6 (0.7–3.6) 0.267
All Recurrent HDAS 3.97 (2.43–6.49) < 0.001 2.74 (1.60–4.69) < 0.001
Recurrent but not Persistent HDAS 2.4 (1.2–4.7) 0.012 1.7 (0.8–3.6) 0.146
At least one episode of Persistent HDAS 5.5 (3.1–9.9) < 0.001 3.7 (2.0–7.1) < 0.001
  1. aAdjusted for observation time modelled as a categorical variable (< 5 years, 5–< 10 years, and 10+ years)