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Table 5 Risk of damage accrual by number of HDAS episodes

From: Disease course following High Disease Activity Status revealed patterns in SLE

Number of HDAS episodes Odds of accruing damage
Unadjusted Adjusted for observation timea
OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value
0 1 Not applicable 1 Not applicable
1 1.35 (0.72–2.51) 0.41 1.74 (0.63–4.5) 0.27
2 2.27 (1.13–4.55) 0.02* 1.09 (0.48–2.15) 0.83
3 2.23 (0.92–5.41) 0.08 1.44 (0.74–2.58) 0.23
4 or more 20.29 (5.80–70.98) <0.001* 3.31 (1.66–13.26) 0.01*
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. *Statistically significant at p < 0.05
  3. aAdjusted for observation time modelled as a categorical variable (<5 years, 5–<10 years, and 10+ years)