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Table 5 Cytokine and chemokine concentrations (ng/mL) in synovial fluid

From: Hyaluronic acid synthesis, degradation, and crosslinking in equine osteoarthritis: TNF-α-TSG-6-mediated HC-HA formation

Cytokine or chemokine Healthy (median ± IQR) OA (median ± IQR) P values (healthy vs. OA)
TNF-α 4.97 ± 11.7 15.6 ± 22.7 0.03
IL-1β 0.00 ± 0.4 0.00 ± 0.0 NA
CCL2 1.61 ± 7.0 1.78 ± 6.6 0.59
CCL3 0.00 ± 0.0 0.00 ± 0.0 NA
CCL5 0.00 ± 0.1 0.06 ± 0.3 0.17
CCL11 0.86 ± 0.6 0.53 ± 0.4 0.01
  1. NA: not analyzed