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Table 1 Age, gender, cigarette smoking and medications other than those used for SLE treatment

From: The prevalence of oral mucosal lesions and related factors in systemic lupus erythematosus patients

Oral manifestation Oral involvement No oral involvement Total p value
Gender     0.396
Male 4 2
Female 38 16
Age     0.251
Less than 18 years 7 2
Between 18 and 45 years 21 10
More than 45 years 14 6
Oral hygiene     0.014
Good 24 8
Medium–poor 18 10
Dental status     0.0541
Dentulous 29 8
Edentulous 13 10
Smoking     0.826
Smoker 18 7
Non-smoker 24 11
Disease duration     0.001
Less than 3 months   1 2
3–6 months   3 9
6–12 months   6 9
More than 12 months   8 8
Pregnancy     0.018
Pregnant 30 13
Not pregnant 12 5
Steroids     0.046
Not taking 0 0
Less than 7.5 mg 10 10
7.5–60 mg 16 4
More than 60 mg 26 4
Other SLE drugs 52 13   0.006