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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate logistic regression with stepwise addition for probability to develop future gout. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval

From: Association between perinatal factors and future risk for gout—a nested case-control study

  Univariate, odds ratio, 95% CI p value Multivariate odds ratio, 95% CI model 1 p value Multivariate odds ratio, 95% CI model 2 p value
Maternal diabetes
 No Ref   Ref   Ref  
 Yes 2.98 (1.25–7.1) 0.01 3.05 (1.27–7.3) 0.01 3.1 (1.3–7.4) 0.01
Birth weight for gestational age
 Small for gestational age 1.77 (1.36–2.3) <.0001 1.77 (1.4–2.3) <.0001 1.75 (1.3–2.3) <.0001
 Normal for gestational age Ref   Ref   Ref  
 Large for gestational age 0.97 (0.69–1.37) 0.86 0.92 (0.7–1.3) 0.6 0.92 (0.6–1.3) 0.6
Congenital malformation
 No Ref     Ref  
 Yes 1.34 (1.05–1.7) 0.018    1.33 (1.04–1.7) 0.02
  1. Model 1: maternal diabetes and birth weight for gestational age
  2. Model 2: maternal diabetes, birth weight for gestational age, and congenital malformation