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Table 2 Arrhythmia and echocardiographic parameters in TAK patients with or without aortic valve involvement

From: Risk factors and surgical prognosis in patients with aortic valve involvement caused by Takayasu arteritis

Variable Total (n=172) Aortic valve involvement (n=92) Non-aortic valve involvement (n=80) P
Arrhythmia, n (%)
 Sinus tachycardia 19 (11.5) 11 (12.5) 8 (10.4) 0.672
 Sinus bradycardia 6 (3.6) 5 (5.6) 1 (1.3) 0.285
 Premature beats 6 (3.6) 2 (2.2) 4 (5.2) 0.550
 Atrial fibrillation 4 (2.4) 2 (2.2) 2 (2.6) 1.000
 Atrioventricular block 4 (2.4) 2 (2.2) 2 (2.6) 1.000
Echocardiography
 EF, % 63.00 (58.00, 67.25) 61.45 (56.00, 66.75) 65.50 (60.00, 69.00) 0.002
 LVEDD, mm 47.00 (43.75, 54.00) 51.50 (46.13, 58.00) 44.00 (42.00, 47.48) <0.001
 LVESD, mm 30.00 (27.00, 36.00) 33.00 (29.00, 40.00) 27.50 (26.85, 30.25) <0.001
 LAD>38mm 57 (34.3) 45 (51.7) 12 (15.2) <0.001
 Aortic root diameter, mm 31.00 (28.00, 35.25) 34.00 (30.00, 39.00) 30.00 (27.00, 32.00) <0.001
 Dilated aortic root diameter, n (%) 47 (29.0) 43 (50.6) 4 (5.2) <0.001
 Ascending aorta diameter, mm 34.00 (29.50, 39.00) 36.00 (34.00, 42.00) 31.15 (28.00, 34.00) <0.001
 Dilated ascending aorta diameter, n (%) 101 (66.0) 72 (86.7) 29 (41.4) <0.001
 Mitral valve involvement, n (%) 81 (47.6) 62 (68.1) 19 (24.1) <0.001
 Tricuspid valve involvement, n (%) 63 (36.8) 41 (45.1) 22 (27.5) 0.018
 Pulmonary valve involvement, n (%) 3 (1.8) 2 (2.3) 1 (1.3) 1.000
  1. EF% cardiac ejection fraction, LVEDD left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, LVESD left ventricular end-systolic diameter, LAD left atrial diameter