Volume 6 Supplement 1

24th European Workshop for Rheumatology Research

Open Access

Influence of the physicochemical properties of the HLA-DRB1 shared epitope negative alleles on rheumatoid arthritis susceptibility

  • L Michou1,
  • E Petit-Teixeira1,
  • I Lemaire2,
  • C Pierlot1,
  • J Osorio1,
  • W Frigui1,
  • S Lasbleiz3,
  • P Quillet2,
  • T Bardin1, 3,
  • B Prum4,
  • F Cornélis1, 3 and
  • for the European Consortium on Rheumatoid Arthritis Families
Arthritis Res Ther20046(Suppl 1):36

DOI: 10.1186/ar1078

Received: 16 January 2004

Published: 24 February 2004

Objective

HLA-DRB1 alleles encoding the shared epitope (SE) are associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) but the underlying biological mechanism is unknown. Several case–control studies have been published on the protective effect of particular SE negative alleles, according to the physicochemical properties of the fourth antigenic peptide binding pocket (P4). The present study was undertaken to test those hypotheses taking advantage of a familial based association analysis.

Methods

One hundred French Caucasian families with one RA patient and both parents were genotyped for HLA-DRB1. The analysis relied on the allelic frequency calculation, the transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) and the genotype relative risk analysis (GRR).

Results

After the demonstration of the association of SE with RA in our sample (P = 4.8 × 10-14), we replicated the strong protective effect of HLA-DRB1*1501 alleles (P = 4.77 × 10-7). We also replicated a protective effect against RA of the alleles with an isoleucine at position 67 (P = 1.93 × 10-5) and the alleles with an aspartic acid at position 70 (P = 3 × 10-3). We failed to replicate any protective effect of the alleles with a neutral or negative electric charge of the P4 pocket, nor a modulation of SE effect by those alleles. We also failed to replicate the protective effect of Q and De alleles according to the functional categorization of HLA-DRB1 alleles.

Conclusion

Our findings are in keeping with a protective effect against RA of SE negative alleles (HLA-DRB1*1501, alleles with an isoleucine at position 67 and alleles with an aspartic acid at position 70).

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
GenHotel
(2)
Centre Hospitalier Sud Francilien
(3)
Unité de Génétique Clinique, Hôpital Lariboisière, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris
(4)
Laboratoire Statistique et Génome

Copyright

© The Author(s) 2004

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