Volume 14 Supplement 1

Proceedings of the 8th Global Arthritis Research Network (GARN) Meeting and 1st Bio-Rheumatology International Congress (BRIC)

Open Access

Anti-Fas IgM monoclonal antibody (anti-Fas mAb) effect on haemophilic arthropathy (HA) synoviocytes

  • Serena Guiducci1,
  • Eloisa Romano1,
  • Claudia Ceccarelli1,
  • Daniela Melchiorre1,
  • Mirko Manetti2,
  • Anna F Milia2,
  • Lidia Ibba Manneshi2,
  • Kusuki Nishioka3 and
  • Marco Matucci Cerinic1
Arthritis Research & Therapy201214(Suppl 1):O11

DOI: 10.1186/ar3566

Published: 29 February 2012

Background

Haemophilic arthropathy (HA), which shares some clinical and biological injury characteristics with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), is characterized by chronic proliferative synovitis and cartilage destruction. Anti-Fas mAb specifically targets the Fas molecule, which is expressed and activated on the cell surface of inflammatory synovial cells and plays a key role for induction of apoptosis. Caspases are the final executioners of apoptosis and their activation requires proteolytic processing of inactive zymogen into activated fragments.

Aim

To evaluate the effects of anti-Fas mAb on HA synoviocytes and its capacity of inducing apoptosis analysing caspase 3 activity.

Methods

HA synoviocytes were incubated with IgM 1000 ng/ml (control), TNFalpha 10 ng/ml, FGF 10 ng/ml, CH11 100 ng/ml (positive control of apoptosis) with or without anti-Fas mAb at different concentrations (from 0,1 to 1000 ng/ml) for 24 h. RA and healthy synoviocytes were used as controls. To measure cell proliferation/citotoxicity, the WST-1 assay has been performed. Caspase 3 activity has been evaluated with ELISA kit and western blot.

Results

Anti-Fas mAb induced a citotoxic effect in HA (p < 0,001 for any dose), healthy (p < 0,001 at 100 and 1000 ng/ml) and RA synoviocytes (p < 0,05 for any dose) reaching a maximum effect at 1000 ng/ml. After stimulation with anti-Fas mAb combined with TNFalpha, there was a citotoxic effect on healthy (p < 0,001 at 10, 100, 1000 ng/ml anti-Fas mAb), RA (p < 0,001 for any dose) and HA synoviocytes (p < 0,005 at 1, 10, 100 and 1000 ng/ml anti-Fas mAb). After stimulation with anti-Fas mAb combined with FGF, there was a citotoxic effect on healthy, RA and HA synoviocytes (p < 0,001 for any dose). Caspase 3 levels were increased in HA synoviocytes after anti-Fas mAb treatment in a dose-dependent manner, even after co-stimulation with TNFalpha (p < 0,001 for any stimulus). CH11 induced an increase of caspase 3 levels in HA synoviocytes more than RA synoviocytes. Western blot showed that HA synoviocytes had higher levels of activated caspase 3 compared to RA synoviocytes after stimulation with Anti-Fas mAb, CH11 and co-stimulation with TNFalpha.

Conclusion

Anti-Fas mAb has a dose-dependent citotoxic effect on HA synoviocytes, even when associated with TNFalpha and FGF. Anti-Fas mAb is effective in increasing caspase 3 levels in HA synoviocytes in a dose-dependent manner. HA synoviocytes show higher levels of activated caspase 3 compared to RA synoviocytes. Our results suggest that anti-Fas IgM mAb may favour the induction of apoptosis in HA synoviocytes.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Dept Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Florence
(2)
Dept Anatomy, Histology and Forensic Medicine, University of Florence
(3)
Dept Rheumatology, Institute of Medical Science, Tokyo Medical University

Copyright

© Guiducci et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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