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Table 4 Means, SDs, and F and P values of the ANOVA effects for group, time, and group × time (G × T) and T and P values for secondary measures: cognitive variables and behavioural variables pre-treatment (T1) in comparison with post-treatment (T2), 6 months (T3) and 12 months (T4) in the CBT, OBT, and AP groups

From: Psychological pain treatment in fibromyalgia syndrome: efficacy of operant behavioural and cognitive behavioural treatments

Secondary variables – Cognitive variables
       Main effects    
Secondary variables Group T1 Mean (SD) T2 Mean (SD) T3 Mean (SD) T4 Mean (SD) Group
F
P
Time
F
P
G × T
F
P
T1 vs. T2
T
P
T1 vs. T3
T
P
T1 vs. T4
T
P
PRSS – Coping CBT 3.25 (0.61) 3.68 (0.76) 3.74 (0.59) 3.89 (0.54)     -3.29 0.002 -3.28 0.002 -4.83 <0.001
  OBT 2.96 (1.02) 3.18 (0.99) 3.43 (0.80) 3.52 (1.10)     -1.82 ns -3.43 0.002 -2.72 0.010
  AP 2.94 (0.68) 2.97 (0.99) 2.69 (0.72) 2.27 (0.99)     -0.37 ns 2.94 0.006 4.66 <0.001
CBT vs. OBT (F, P) 2.20 ns 5.90 0.02 3.29 ns 3.05 ns 20.44 <0.001 5.16 0.002 16.18 <0.001    
CBT vs. AP (F, P) 3.34 ns 18.01 ns 46.19 <0.001 74.50 <0.001       
OBT vs. AP (F, P) 0.01 ns 1.15 ns 17.28 <0.001 26.42 <0.001       
PRSS – Catastrophising CBT 2.29 (0.93) 1.69 (1.04) 1.69 (1.08) 1.49 (1.06)     4.14 <0.001 3.55 0.001 4.12 <0.001
  OBT 2.48 (1.20) 2.13 (1.31) 1.67 (1.01) 1.67 (1.21)     2.48 0.018 4.65 <0.001 4.23 <0.001
  AP 2.36 (1.02) 2.27 (1.00) 2.58 (0.93) 2.83 (1.13)     1.05 ns -2.37 0.023 -2.94 0.006
CBT vs. OBT (F, P) 0.54 ns 2.50 0.020 0.04 ns 0.44 ns 6.52 0.002 8.76 <0.001 12.99 <0.001    
CBT vs. AP (F, P) 0.10 ns 6.27 0.014 14.91 <0.001 27.54 <0.001       
OBT vs. AP (F, P) 0.19 ns 0.29 ns 16.25 <0.001 17.86 <0.001       
Secondary variables – Behavioural variables
Pain behaviour CBT 89.91 (73.40) 72.10 (56.63) 80.11 (65.79) 82.84 (73.32)     1.88 ns 0.97 ns 0.73 Ns
  OBT 114.16 (51.32) 73.96 (40.71) 64.89 (43.20) 42.63 (49.35)     2.67 0.011 3.03 0.005 3.43 0.001
  AP 88.79 (49.13) 104.38 (49.81) 111.1 (52.66) 124.4 (57.17)     -0.35 0.002 -3.39 0.002 -4.41 <0.001
CBT vs. OBT (F, P) 1.10 ns 0.03 0.02 1.23 ns 6.86 0.010 2.68 ns 2.37 ns 11.39 <0.001    
CBT vs. AP (F p) 0.01 ns 5.49 0.02 4.01 ns 5.94 0.020       
OBT vs. AP (F, P) 1.13 ns 7.01 0.01 13.73 <0.001 34.77 <0.001       
MPI – Solicitous spouse behaviour CBT 3.30 (1.62) 2.97 (1.25) 3.32 (1.31) 3.39 (1.10)     0.68 ns 0.02 ns -0.14 Ns
  OBT 4.00 (0.79) 2.95 (1.02) 3.20 (1.44) 2.76 (1.31)     4.33 <0.001 3.37 0.020 4.16 0.001
  AP 3.23 (1.25) 3.29 (1.21) 3.99 (1.17) 4.11 (1.16)     -0.68 ns -2.91 0.006 -3.16 0.003
CBT vs. OBT (F, P) 2.43 ns 0.01 ns 0.02 ns 2.22 ns 1.18 ns 4.07 0.011 6.58 0.001    
CBT vs. AP (F, P) 0.01 ns 1.33 0.014 3.73 ns 3.25 ns       
OBT vs. AP (F, P) 3.07 ns 2.04 ns 4.34 ns 11.35 0.001